What is the definition of internet : Internet has gained a lot of popularity in the last few years, while it has emerged as a very important means of communication. The word Internet is derived from two words which are Interconnection and Networks. But the thing to understand here is that do you understand the definition of internet . Because people know how to use Internet, but they do not understand its meaning. It was such a thing that you eat food, but you have no idea about what they eat.
A network is actually a collection of two or more computers, which share information and resources with each other. Now if we talk about the Internet then this is the worldwide system of computer networks which means that the network of networks.
Computers and other communication devices easily exchange information through this Internet and they get a diverse perspective on their issues regarding the issues of information and a large global audience for their issues. Most people use the Internet to send and receive emails or to retrive information to browse the net.
Seeing all these things, I thought that why should you provide complete information about the introduction of the Internet, which will make it easier for you to understand the Internet even better. So let’s start without delay.
Simple Definition of Internet
Internet is such an illusion of networks that all the computers around the world can be connected together in a single network. Internet is one such way that we can connect any computer with other computers, even if it is not located in any corner of the world. Therefore, INTERNET is also called a network of networks.
Internet globally on a network connection system between the TCP / IP information through a variety of media using the protocol between the other computer from a computer, information or data ( Data used for) the communication or exchange Goes. “This network also includes computer servers.
What is the meaning of internet
When said in easy language, the internet is a globally connected network system that uses TCP / IP to transmit data through different types of media. This internet is a network of global exchanges – including private, public, business, academic and government networks – all of which are connected through guided, wireless and fiber-optic technologies.
Both these words, Internet and World Wide Web , are often used interchangeably, both of which in reality are not the same. Where the internet refers to the global communication system, which also includes hardware and infrastructure, the web is considered to be a type of services that is over-communicated to the internet.
introduction of Internet
Internet can be used to define the limb of an Information Super Highway, which the Information Access can be done over the web. But it can be defined in many other ways, let us know about them: –
1. Internet is a world-wide global system of interconnected computer networks.
2. Internet uses standard Internet Protocol (TCP / IP).
3. Each computer which is popular on the internet is identified through a unique IP address.
4. IP address is a unique set of numbers (such as 22.214.171.124) that identifies a computer location.
5. A special computer DNS (Domain Name Server) is used to assign the name to the IP address, so that a user can locate a computer by its name.
6. For example, a DNS server resolves the name of a website https://www.trendingclash.com to a particular IP address so that it can be found in which computer that website is hosted
7. Internet facility is accessible to all the users around the world.
The concept of Internet has been originated since 1969 and many technological and infrastructural changes have also been made in it, the subject of which is mentioned below:
1. Internet has started with a concept called Advanced Research Project Agency Network (ARPANET).
2. ARPANET was developed to develop United States Department of Defense. For which the government had formed a special department.
3. The main job of ARPANET was to provide communication between different departments of Government.
4. In the initial phase, there were only four nodes, which are called Hosts.
5. In 1972, ARPANET slowly spread across the world, which now has about 23 nodes in different countries and is now known as Internet.
6. Later on with the introduction of new technologies such as TCP / IP protocols, DNS, WWW, browsers, scripting languages, etc., now the Internet is providing medium for creators to publish content for the creators, while the viewers have to get the information of that content. to access over the web.
Some unique things about internet
The internet that we are seeing today, which is expanding so fast that you cannot even think. Since the beginning of the Internet, the number of websites has increased rapidly and the amount of data stored in the web as well.
The estimates and data that have come out recently from the survey conducted by Google is really shocking about the Internet.
Let us know about such things by which we can know about the origin of Internet and the present situation.
1. According to Google’s earlier report, in the year 2010, about 5 Million Terabytes of data in internet was mehjud.
The most interesting thing in this is that Google itself has said that they have indexed only 0.004% of the data out of all the content which is present in the internet.
At the same time, October 14th, 2018, about 4.46 billion pages exist in the internet. Which is really a huge amount!
2. As of October 2018, there are more than 1.9 billion websites on the Internet.
By increasing this data numbers, as of 14th October 2018, there are around 441 million Tumblr blogs in the web. At the same time 75.8 million blogs and business sites also exist in WordPress.
More than 5 million blog posts are published every single day.
3. 95 million photos are uploaded daily to Instagram.
The saddest thing in this is that no one sees more than 70% of Instagram posts.
4. Internet users consumed around 1 zettabyte bandwidth in 2016 alone.
One Zettabyte means one thousand Exabytes, one billion Terabytes, or one trillion Gigabytes. Now you can think.
According to a Cisco report, by the year 2021, 82% of IP traffic will be video only.
5. Out of 7 Billion people, 4 Billion people are already online in the world.
InternetLiveStats (ILS) monitors the active state of the internet, and in October 2018, about 4,045,421,895 users are online active in the web. This number is going to grow even more by 2020.
6. Around 85,000+ websites are hacked every day.
WordPress and Joomla are the most affected CMS (content management systems) in the entire Internet.
7. More than 5000 domain names are registered per hour.
If we calculate it, then around 120,000 Domains are registered in a day and 43 million domain names are registered in a year. The biggest surprising thing in this is that more than 75% of the Domains are kept in parked or not resolving condition, which is why you do not get the .com domain name of your choice so easily. .
8. Facebook has the highest number of 2.234 Billion users .
Approximately more than 30% of the world’s population is on Facebook . This social networking site had about 1.74 billion mobile active users in Q3 2018.
According to statistics, more than 50% of Internet users will be using Facebook by 2020.
9. The first email was sent in 1971.
It was sent to email by Ray Tomlinson (US programmer) who invented the email system. This “@” symbol is used here to signify that the email has been sent to a human and not to a dumb machine (computer).
The sad thing in this is that he did not even remember exactly what message he had sent.
10. 250 Billion emails are sent daily.
No, these shocking numbers are not sent by humans. Rather, more than 81% of emails are spam that are sent by automated means. With which 200 billion spam emails are sent daily.
The first spam email was sent in 1978, a advertisement by Digital Equipment Corporation for DEC System 2020 . This email was received by 600 recipients, and none of them were happy about this.
11. The world’s first website is still active and online.
The name of the first website is info.cern.ch, and it is still online. This is a basic HTML site, and its page has some lines of text. This page has been written with the help of first version of HTML.
12. Garfield’s cartoon used to offer its own email service at one time.
Yes, Garfield, who is a cartoon character, once offered an email service called GMail.com . Later Google acquired this service and they renamed it Google Mail (GMail.com) which we use today.
13. 400 hours of video contents are uploaded per minute to YouTube.
By the time you read this paragraph full, perhaps 1600+ hours of video content will have been uploaded to YouTube.
If we talk about user engagement, this massive video sharing site serves more than 1 Billion people per month. And an average internet user spends about 10 hours per month watching YouTube videos .
14. About 7 Million apps are mehjus if Google Play and Apple App Store are to be combined.
In 2016, the Google Play Store received more than 75 Billion downloads , while the App Store recorded about 25 Billion downloads.
15. Over 80% of the images on the Internet are of naked girls and women .
The entire internet is based on over-nudity. Some research has revealed this.
- More than 12% of existing websites online belong to NSFW.
- 1 out of every three downloads is of NSFW.
- They are seen the most on Sunday or any holiday.
- Online adult industry makes about $ 3000 in a second.
16. More than 51% internet traffic is fake.
Where we humans account for 49% of the entire traffic; The rest of the traffic is triggered by many bots and spamming software.
One thing comes to light from this that if these bots and spamming software were not there then we would have easily gained faster connectivity because they consume the most bandwidth .
17. Internet took just 4 years to become its first 50 Million Users.
Television took about 13 years. At the same time, radio took about 38 years to reach the same numbers of users. From this you can see the popularity of Internet.
18. There are only 7 people who control the entire Internet.
Yes, you have heard it right. There are seven people who are assigned Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers ( ICANN ) who hold seven different keys.
If ever something untoward happens, then these seven people can fully restore the Internet of meeting.
There are seven copies of the original key, in case if a key is misplaced or something goes missing.
Internet Information (Internet Terms)
Here we will learn about some technical terms related to Internet. Which are often asked in competitive exams.
What is WORLD WIDE WEB (WWW)?
This is a system of Internet Servers that supports hypertext and multimedia so that many Internet Protocols can be accessed through a single interface.
The full form of WWW is World Wide Web . This is a way to exchange information between computers and the Internet. It tries to tie how vast collection of interactive multimedia resources can be tied in one place. At the same time, it is only a small part of the Internet, but it is the fastest growing part of the Internet.
What is WEB PAGE?
World Wide Web’s Backbone is composed of file called or that the pages or web pages of documents. They contain all types of information and links for both text and multimedia of resources.
It is made using HTML (Hyper Text Markup Language). If seen, the web is a collection of many computer documents and web pages that are stored in computers all over the world and which are connected to each other with the help of hyperlinks.
What is WEBSITE?
One such group of web pages which follow the same theme and they are connected with each other with the help of hyperlinks, these are called websites.
When said in another language, a website is actually a collection of primary HTML files of digital documents which are linked with each other and exist in the web under the same domain.
A website displays related information on a specific topic only. Each website is accessed from its own address, which is called Uniform Resource Locator.
For example, https://www.trendingclash.com is a website, while https://www.trendingclash.com/blogging/ a web page.
What is Home Page?
The main or first page of the website is called Home Page .
What is a web portal?
This is a web page that combines useful information and links.
What is WEB BROWSER?
It is a software application that is used to locate, retrieve and display content in the Internet, such as web pages.
These programs are used to explore the Internet. This is an interface that helps a computer user to get access to the above contents in the Internet.
We can install more than one Web Browser in our system .
What is WEB SERVER ?
It is a computer program that serves requested HTML pages or files from the Web Client.
A web client is actually a requesting program associated with users. A web browser is a client that requests HTML files from Web Servers .
Each Web server that is connected to the Internet is associated with a unique address.
What is WEB ADDRESS AND URL?
Web is a collection of documents (web pages) which are stored in computers around the world. At the same time, every web page has an address which describes where that web page can be found. This address is called web address or domain name.
A web address identifies the location of a specific web page in the internet such as https://www.trendingclash.com
In the Web, web addresses are called URLs. This web address is a website or a web page. The URL here specifies the internet address of a file which is stored in a host computer which is connected with the internet.
What is DOMAIN NAME?
It is a text name that is used in place of a numeric IP address of a computer in the Internet.
Internet users access your website using this domain name . This is a way to identify and locate computers that are connected to the Internet. At the same time it must be unique.
The domain name always has two or more parts, which are separated by the help of dots.
eg: google.com , yahoo.com etc.
What is E-MAIL ADDRESS?
The full form of E-mail is ‘ Electronic Mail ‘. It is a paperless way to send messages, notes, pictures, even video and sound files, that too by making Internet a medium.
It is an individual name, which is used to send and receive email in the Internet. It is also used to specify the source and destination of an email message.
The format of the e-mail address is user @ domain.
What is BLOGS?
A blog is actually a website or a web page, in which an individual article is written and published on a regular basis.
The contents of the blog are written frequently and they are also added in a chronological order to make it easy for the viewers to migrate. These are written online so that they can be visible to all.
Text, images, videos, even links to other blogs or websites are present in a typical blog. The media data that is related to that article.
In Education, blogs are used according to instructional resources. These blogs are called edublogs. At the same time, you can create or read a blog in any niche (category). Often, people follow blogs to read more instead of textbooks. Blogs’ entries are called posts.
What is NEWSGROUP?
In the Internet, you will find some places in which you are completely devoted to a discussion on a specific topic, they are called newsgroup.
Newsgroup is a type of online discussion group that allows interaction through electronic bulletin board system and in chat sessions.
Who controls the Internet?
The Internet is not governed by a single organization. Rather, some volunteer groups have been formed to help and coordinate the development of the Internet.
These organizations are some of these types:
Internet Architecture Board (IAB)
It is a technical advisory group of the Internet Society whose job is to provide oversight of the architecture of the Internet, while managing its protocols and resources.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF)
It develops and maintains the Communication Protocols of the Internet.
Internet Research Task Force (IRTF)
Its job is to pay attention to long-term research problems and to keep an eye on what is going to be more critical in the coming five to ten years.
Internet Network Information Center (InterNIC)
It provides many registry services that the Internet needs to operate effectively. .
World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
It develops standards for the development of the web.
Internet Society (ISOC)
This is more worrying for the growth and development of the Internet and how the Internet can be better used.
Types of Internet Connection
Although there are many types of Internet Connection, but here we will learn about three important types of Internet Connection.
1. Dial-up Connection
This is a temporary connection that is set-up between your computer and ISP server.
Dial-up connection uses telephone line (Public Switched Telephone Network- PSTN) and Modem to connect with the Internet.
It has modem connect with the computer through standard phone lines that work as data transfer medium.
When a user initiate a dial-up connection then the user also has to enter the password and also specify a username and the modem dials a phone number of one of the Internet Service Provider (ISP) which is designed Is done to receive dial-up calls.
Then the ISP establishes the connection which takes about 10 sec time and also has beeping and buzzing sounds.
2. Broadband Connection
Broadband means high-speed internet access which is always ON and is much faster than traditional dial-up access.
This short form is the broadband width that uses a telephone line to connect with the internet. At the same time , the speed of broadband connection is measured in Mbps (Megabits per second).
Broadband access allows users to connect with the Internet at a greater speed than standard 256 Kbps (Kilobits per second) modem or dial-up access. To get broadband access, you need a broadband modem.
Broadband also includes many such high-speed transmission technologies such as: –
Digital Subscriber Line (DSL)
This is a popular broadband connection that provides internet access by transmitting digital data to the local telephone network. This mehzuda uses copper telephone lines for Internet access.
A special modem is required to use a DSL service over standard phoneline.
DSL Faster Forms which are generally available for businesses: –
High Data Rate Digital Subscriber Line (HDSL)
Very High Data Rate Digital Subscriber Line (VHDSL)
Asymmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (ADSL)
Symmetrical Digital Subscriber Line (SDSL)
This serive enables cable operators to provide broadband by using the same co-axial cables that deliver picture and sound to your TV set.
A cable model can be added or even integrated into a set-top box that provides access to your TV set for Internet access. They provide transmission speed of 1.5 Mbps or more.
Broadband over Power Line (BPL)
In this, the delivery of broadband is done in mezhuda low and medium voltage electric power distribution network. Its speed is comparable to the speed of DSL and Cable Medium.
BPL is very easily provided to households using mehjuda electrical connections and outlets.
It is also called Power Band. BPL is very good for those places where broadband connection is not mehjud but power infrastructure is there. For example in rural areas.
3. Wireless Connection
Wireless broadband connects a home or business via radio link with Internet to customer location and service provider’s facility with each other.
Wireless broadband can be either mobile or fixed. Unlike DSL and Cable, they need neither modem nor cables.
Devices that are connected to each other with a wireless internet connection, their internet connection does not have much effect of distance, nor is there any decline in their rate of transfer.
Some ways to connect the Internet wirelessly: –
Wireless Fidelity (Wi-Fi)
It is a universal wireless networking technology that uses radio frequencies to transfer data.
Wi-Fi allows high-speed Internet connections without using any cables or wires.
Wi-Fi networks can be designed for private access only for your home or business.
At the same time, they can also be used on the basis of Public Internet Access. Such as Hot Spots which offer wi-fi access which is used in resturants, coffe shops, hotels etc.
Worldwide Interoperability for Microwave Access (WiMAX)
In recent times, it is considered to be one of the hottest broadband wireless technology.
This Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) can easily provide internet up to about 31 miles (45 Km) for fixed station, while for mobile station about 5 to 15 km.
WiMAX, it operates just like Wi-Fi but it has the capability to cover much higher speed and more distance. It can be used in such places where having wired infrastructure is very difficult. At the same time, it is able to overcome the physical limitation of traditional wired infrastructure.
Mobile Wireless Broadband Services
These services are also gradually available from mobile telephone service providers and others. These services are generally more appropriate for those mobile customers who have a special PC card which has a buil-in antenna that you can plug into the user’s laptop computer.
Generally, it provides very low speed, which ranges in some 100 Kbps.
Advantages and Disadvantages of these Connection Types
Different Connection types
Dial-up Internet Connection
(a) They are easily available.
(b) They are available at a very low cost.
(c) They can be used in fixed or cellular phones.
(a) These are Slower as compared to broadband.
(b) It requires expensive set-up.
(c) Phone is mostly busy.
Broadband Internet Connection
(a) Telephone can be used with Internet connection.
(b) These are Faster than a dial-up connection.
(c) It is always a connection of on type.
(a) It is Expensive as compared to Dial-Up.
(b) It may not be available in all places.
(c) It also requires expensive set-up.
Wireless Internet Connection
(a) There is no need of any phone line.
(b) Set-up is easy and inexpensive.
(c) There is no limitation of location.
(d) Connectivity in this is never a problem.
(a) are vulnerable.
(b) is not much secured.
(c) It has limited security mechanisms.
(d) One of its medical disadvantages is that it can make you cancer.
I hope you have liked this article of my definition of Internet . It has always been my endeavor to provide complete information about the introduction of the Internet to the readers, so that they do not have to search in reference to that article in any other sites or internet.
This will also save their time and they will also get all the information in one place. If you have any doubts about this article or you want that there should be some improvement in it, then for this you can write down comments.
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