What is NRC [National Register of Citizens]- Full Info

What is NRC : While discussing the bill, Union Home Minister Amit Shah said clearly that the Modi government will definitely bring the National Register of Citizens to the country and when the NRC process is complete, there will be no illegal infiltrators in the country. Amit Shah said, “Let’s say NRC is going to come.” Let us know that the process of NRC is going on in Assam only. In the proceedings taken so far, the name of about 19 lakh people has not come in the NRC register. Detention center is being built for such people in Assam. NRC is the process through which attempts are being made to identify illegal intruders living illegally in the country. The home minister of the country, Amit Shah, has promised to expel such illegal people from the country.

What is NRC Bill
What is NRC Bill

The National Register of Citizens of India contains the names of Indian citizens who live in Assam. It was prepared in 1951 after 1951 census of India. It was prepared on the basis of descriptions of all the individuals mentioned during the census. Only those who have arrived in Assam before becoming Bangladesh (before 25 March 1971), will be considered citizens of India.

The civil register in Assam was last updated in 1951. At that time, the names of a total of 80 lakh citizens were registered in Assam.

Assam is the first state in India to have a National Register of Citizens. After completion of investigation of more than two crore claims submitted for citizenship (about 38 lakh people including those whose documents were in doubt) The first draft of was ordered to be published by 31 December 2014. The first draft of the much-awaited National Civil Register was published on 31 December 2017. About 3.29 crore applications were submitted in Assam to legally identify as a citizen of India, out of which only 19 million people have their names included.

What is National Citizenship Register (NRC) (What is National Register of Citizenship (NRC) NRC
in Assam was first prepared in 1951 to know the citizens, their homes and their properties. Seeking to update the NRC in the state It was taken up by the All Assam Students Union from 1975.

Assam Accord (1985); A day before Bangladeshi independence, the midnight of 24 March 1971 was designed to remove the names of Bangladeshi refugees entering the state from the voter list and sent back to Bangladesh.

Decision to update the National Register of Citizens

  • In 2005, the government decided to update the 1951 National Civil Register and decided that under the Assam Accord, the names of those who entered Assam illegally before March 25, 1971, would also be added to the National Register of Citizenship.
  • But instead of resolving the dispute, it grew more and the matter reached the court. After this, in the year 2015, the work of verification of citizens was started in Assam on the order of the Supreme Court. For this, many NRC centers were opened in the entire state.
  • For the verification of the citizens, it has been made mandatory that only they will be considered as Indian citizens whose ancestors’ names are present in the NRC of 1951 or in any voter list till 24 March 1971.

Problems arising from the termination of citizenship

  • People have become stateless after the release of NRC list, meaning they have not been citizens of any country. In such a situation there is a danger of violence in the state.
  • Those who have been living in Assam for decades, after the termination of Indian citizenship, they will neither be able to vote as before, nor will they get the benefit of any welfare scheme and they will not have any right over their own property.
  • People who have their own property will be targeted by other people.

Assam has a population of about 33 million. This is the only state that has updated the NRC. The process of NRC started in 2013 on the orders of the Supreme Court.

Data about NRC:
government has spent about 1200 crore rupees on NRC process, it involved 55000 government officials and 64.4 million documents were scrutinized in the entire process.

Who is a citizen of Assam

People living in Assam before March 25, 1971 are considered citizens of Assam. People living in this state had to submit one of the documents given in List A. Apart from this, the documents given in the second list B to present a document to establish a relationship with your Assam ancestors, so that your ancestors were from Assam.

How has NRC been updated?
If anyone wants to see his name in the selected list of citizens of Assam, he  has to submit one of the documents given in ‘List A’ along with NRC form to prove his residence in the state  before 25 March 1971. .

If someone claims that his ancestors are native of Assam, therefore he is also a resident of Assam, then he has to submit an NRC form along with any one of the documents mentioned in ‘List B’.

Final NRC list released

The final NRC list in Assam was released on 31 August 2019.  19,06,657 people have not been included in this list  while 3.11 crore have been included in this citizenship list. A total of 3.29 crore people applied to this list.

The main documents included in List B include;

1.  Land Documents

2.  Board or University certificate

3.  Birth certificate

4.  Bank / LIC / Post Office Record

5 . Ration card

6.  Name in voter list

7.  Other legally acceptable documents

8.  Certificate given by a circle officer or Gram Panchayat Secretary for married women

Does exclusion from the list mean being declared foreign?

No; Those who have been excluded from the list  can apply to those foreign tribunals which are quasi-judicial bodies under the 1964 law. These people can appeal to these tribunals within 120 days of the release of the list  .

If someone is declared as a foreigner in a foreign tribunal, then he can approach the High Courts. If someone is declared a foreigner by the courts, he can be arrested and placed in the detention center. Until July 2019; 1,17,164 persons have been declared foreigners, of whom 1,145 are in custody.

This was complete information about the National Citizenship Register. In this we have described the objectives of NRC, its procedure and documents required to prove citizenship of Assam. This subject is very important for the main examinations of UPSC and other State Service Commissions.

A 6-year-old movement was launched in 1979 by the All Assam Students Union (AASU), demanding the identification and deportation of illegal immigrants. The movement was peaceful after the signing of the Assam Accord on 15 August 1985.

Why NRC was required?

  • When India-Pakistan was partitioned in 1947, some people migrated from Assam to East Pakistan, but their land was in Assam and the movement of people from both sides continued even after the partition. Due to which the National Civil Register was prepared in the year 1951.
  • Even after the formation of Bangladesh in 1971, a large number of refugees continued in Assam, due to which the shape of the state’s population began to change.
  • In the 80s, the All Assam Students Union-AASU started a movement to illegally identify and repatriate people living in Assam. The Assam Accord was signed in 1985 after six years of struggle by the AASU.

Assam Accord

  • On August 15, 1985, an agreement was reached between the AASU and other organizations and the Government of India, known as the Assam Accord.
  • According to this agreement, Hindu-Muslims who entered Assam after March 25, 1971, were to be identified and removed from the state.
  • Under this agreement, citizens who came to Assam between 1961 and 1971 were given citizenship and other rights, but they were not given the right to vote. Under this, special package was also given for the economic development of Assam.
  • It was also decided that special laws and administrative measures will be taken to protect the cultural, social and linguistic identity of Assamese speaking people. The voter list was amended based on the Assam Accord.

Objectives of NRC
Basic objectives of NRC update in Assam; Foreign citizens and Indian citizens have to be identified in the state. Organizations like All Assam Students Union and other citizens of Assam claim that Bangladeshi migrants have robbed them of their rights and are involved in criminal activities taking place in the state. Therefore these refugees should be sent to their country.

Difference between intruders and refugees

In his address in the Lok Sabha, Amit Shah has said that there is no need to fear the refugees living in the country. He made a distinction between intruders and refugees. Amit Shah said that Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs, Parsis, Christians and Jains are victims of religious persecution in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan and in this condition, if they come to India, then they will be called refugees, such people under the citizenship amendment of India. Citizenship will be given. Whereas those people who sneak into India from the border of Bangladesh, covertly, will be called intruders. Amit Shah said that India will not accept such people.

Muslims of India need not fear

Amit Shah repeatedly said in his address that Muslims living in India need not be scared in any way by this bill. He said that this bill has nothing to do with the Muslim citizens of India. So they do not have to be afraid of anything. Amit Shah said that many parties are spreading confusion about this.


The UN refugee agency wants to end statelessness, but there are about one crore people in the world who have no country. In such a situation, the recent situation will be uncomfortable for India. This issue of citizenship has sparked debate not only in Assam but across India. This issue has been going on in Assam’s politics for many years. Now there is a need to resolve this matter with seriousness. Facebook

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