What is Mobile Phone Generation and its types?

Perhaps all of you must be using mobile phone, but do you know what is mobile phone generation , its type and how it varies from one generation to another. Due to this change happening in these generations, with the help of telecommunication and networking from your mobiles, you can easily communicate with your friends, relatives and loved ones.

Telecommunication and networking has always been a core technology that helps mankind and technology evolve. If there was no advancement of these mobile generations, then today we would not have been taking advantage of its features, such as technology like many channels, 3G , 4G , speed internet etc.

what is mobile phone generation
what is mobile phone generation

In the technology of mobile generations, which is used in your cell phones and other mobile devices, it has evolved a lot in the last few years. This technology was started with the revolutionary 1G (which is also considered to be the earliest form of voice only network) and it has reached today’s 4G and in the coming time we will use 5G technology as well.

The point here is that after all, what are the principles of such generations in technology, and what changes have been brought, what are the types of these generations? So today I thought why not give you complete information about all these mobile generation and the technology used in it so that you can understand it easily. Together you can also tell it to someone else. Let’s start without delay and know what is Mobile Generations ?

What is Mobile Phone Generation?

If the meaning of Mobile Generations is understood in the right way, then we can call it a series of generations which is upgraded every 10 years. Where it started with 1G (first generation), over time there were many such changes and we had many generations like 2G, 2.5G, 3G but all of them got upgradation and started converting into each other. Right now we use 4G technology, but do you know the meaning of this G? If not, then there is nothing because we will understand about it in a very good way.

Often people do not know anything about this ‘G’. They simply use it because it is brought into use by everyone. ‘G’ literally means ” Generation “, for example 3G means Third Generation, while 4G means Fourth Generation. In this number this is just a representation, of the evolution of technology. Just as the new technology was invented, the generation of technology also continued to grow. If I talk about now, then now we are using 4th generation of wireless communication technology. By the way, this technology was started with 1G and it has also increased with the passage of time, 2G, 3G, 4G are all subsequent technologies.

Right now most wireless carriers are currently supporting both 4G and 3G technology, which is quite handy, so where there is no 4G coverage, 3G speed can work. If we put a little sight in the past, then  1G was first introduced in 1979 , since then a new mobile generation has been released every 10 years. All these technologies are used in mobile carrier and device. According to the generation, they have different speeds and features which continue to grow generation wise. 5G will be launched in the coming time.

There are some different telephone network standards in each generation, which shows the technological implementation used in a particular mobile phone system. As speed increases, so to achieve that speed, that technology also has to be changed.

For example 1G offers 2.4 kbps, 2G offers 64 Kbps in GSM Technology, 3G offers 144 kbps to 2 mbps while 4G offers 100 Mbps to 1 Gbps and which is based on LTE technology. Along with the advancement in technology, many new features are also seen in the new generation, because in the end, the main purpose of wireless communication is that how can they provide high quality, reliable communication.

Who Discovered Wireless Technology?

Wireless technology (wireless waves) was discovered in 1894 by Guglielmo Marconi and Karl Ferdinand Braun . At the same time, he was awarded the Nobel prize in Physics in 1909 for his contribution to the field of Wireless Telegraphy .

Types of Mobile Generation

Here we will learn about the types of Mobile Generations and how they have changed. Then let’s know about the types of Mobile Generations.

1G: Voice Only

It is also called First Generation Wirless Technologies. Together, it only supports Voice Calls only. It was first introduced in 1979. 1G is analog technology, and the phones where it is used have very poor battery life and voice quality. Apart from this, it is not very secure and inconveniences like call drop frequently come in it.
Let us know something about 1G Technology :

  • 1G technology uses FDMA for different Subscribers in a single channel by a single user.
  • The maximum speed of 1G Technology is 2.4 Kbps.
  • Voice quality is very low and it has a great effect from noise.
  • It supports only voice call, not data .
  • Mobile handset batteries provide very little backup .
  • Voice in this system is modulated to higher frequency up to 150 MHz or more.
  • This is a bit more costly because only 1 subscriber per carrier supports it, for which very few calls support in a tower.

2G: SMS and MMS

Cell phones got a new and first major upgrade when their technology was upgraded from 1G to 2G. This change first happened in Finland in 1991 , it also changed from GSM networks to analogs and then to digital communications from cell phones .

This new 2G telephone technology included call and text encryption, as well as data services such as SMS, picture messages, and MMS. By the way, 2G completely replaced 1G and it was also superseded by other technologies, but even today, these technologies are still used in many places.

Let us know something about 2G Technology: –

  • Digital signals are used in 2G.
  • Data speed upto 64Kbps in it can go.
  • There are many services such as SMS, Picture message and MMS enabled.
  • It provides better quality and quantity in comparison to 1G.
  • 2G needs strong digital signals to work properly, otherwise it cannot work properly.
  • This system cannot handle complex data like videos .

2.5G: Data

After 2G and before the arrival of 3G, a new technology came to be known as 2.5G. This is a technology that falls within 2G and 3G technology. Sometimes 2.5G is also called 2G Cellular technology which has been aligned with GPRS.

A new packet-switching technique was introduced in 2.5G which was more efficient than 2G technology. Then came 2.75G, which provided a theoretical threefold speed increase. AT&T was the first GSM network to support 2.75G EDGE in the US.

Let’s know something about 2.5G Technology:

  • It has the facility of call.
  • In this you can send and receive e-mail messages .
  • Web Browsing can be done in this.
  • Its speed is 64–144 Kbps.
  • This Camera Phone

3G: More Data, Video Calling, and Mobile Internet

The third generation mobile technology of 3G was started in 1998. With its arrival, data-transmission speeds increased significantly. People started using it in more data-demanding things like video calling and mobile internet access . This term “mobile broadband” was first introduced for 3G cellular technology.

Like 2G, 3G was also evolve into 3.5G and 3.75G, which introduced more features. Its maximum speed is around 2 Mbps for non-moving devices and 384 Kbps for moving vehicles .

From the perspective of Technological Advancement, this is a huge revolution for network and data transmission. 3G speed capabilities are up to 2 mbps. With its help, you can easily do faster communication, send / receive large emails and texts, fast web browsing, video streaming etc. on smartphones.

Let’s know something about 3G Technology

  • Provides much better Faster Communication.
  • You can easily send and receive large email messages.
  • It provides high speed web.
  • It provides more security than 2G.
  • In this, you can play video conferencing and 3D games easily.
  • One can avail the facility of TV Streaming / Mobile TV / Call etc.
  • It also has large capacities and broadband capabilities.
  • Its download speed is much better than 2G.

4G: Current Standard

4G means fourth generation mobile networking . It was developed only in 2000 , but it was used since 2008. It supports mobile web access like 3G does and also supports gaming services, HD mobile TV, video conferencing, 3D TV, and many more features that require high speeds.

The maximum speed that 4G network supports is 100 Mbps. Speeds up to 1 Gbps can be found in low-mobility communication when the caller is stationary. Almost all current cell phone models support both 4G and 3G technologies.

Let’s know something about 4G Technology

  • It is also called Mobile Broadband.
  • One term that better describes it is ‘MAGIC’. Where M means Mobile Multimedia, A means Anytime Anywhere, G means Global Mobility Support, I means Integrated Wireless Solution, C means Customized Personal Services.
  • It has high data rates and expanded multimedia services.
  • Speed ​​can be from 100Mbps to 1Gbps.
  • It also has more speed, more capacity and more security.

5G: Coming

5G means Fifth Generation . This is a wireless technology that has not been implemented yet and has been improved more than 4G. It is likely to start from 2020.

In 5G we can see many major improvements like faster data rates, higher connection density, which has less latency, and energy savings. Speaking of speed, speeds of up to 20 Gbps can be achieved in it.

Let’s know something about 5G Technology

  • In this, we will get High Speed ​​and High Capacity.
  • It will also get more broadcasting of data.
  • We can see Multi Media in High Definitions.
  • It will see faster data transmission than earlier generations.
  • Large phone memory, dialing speed and clarity of audio / video will be increased.
  • These many features such as interactive multimedia, voice, streaming video and internet, etc. will be seen.

1G vs 2G vs 3G vs 4G vs 5G

1G 2G 3G 4G 5G
When did introduce 1980’s 1990’s 2000’s 2010’s 2020’s
Basic feature Basic Analogue Voice No IP Digital Voice No IP Digital Voice WWW Multimedia Voice Over IP HD Video Voice Over IP VR V2X IoT
Speed 2.4Kbps 14Kbps 2Mbps 300Mbps 1Gbps
Carrier One network for voice One network for voice One network for voice other networks for IP One network for IP One network for IP
Technology NMT AMPS TACS GSM IS-95 2.5G (GPRS EDGE) UMTS CDMA 2000 3.5G (HSDPA HSUPA HSPA+ LTE) LTE Advanced 4.5G (LTE Advanced PRO) LTE Advanced PRO NR

The Future of Mobile Generations

In the last few years, there has been a lot of advancement in the field of mobile generations. There has been a lot of change in its development and also in its core functionality. The way so much development has been done in this, it shows that in the coming time there are still more advancements in this field.

The technology of 5G will be ready in just a few years and will reach us. In the future, this will change the entire definition of Wireless Network Technology. There are many such features coming in it, which will not only be useful for us, but they will also change our living habits. For this, we have to wait till the time when it will completely change our life.


I hope that I have given you complete information about what is Mobile Phone Generation and I hope that you people have understood about what is Mobile Generation. If you have any doubts about this article or you want that there should be some improvement in it, then for this you can write down comments. With these ideas, you will get a chance to learn something and improve something. If you liked my post 1G vs 2G vs 3G vs 4G vs 5G or if you got something to learn from it, then please show this post to social networks like Facebook , Google+ and Twitter etc. to show your happiness and excitement Share on

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