In Urdu novelists, Munshi Premchand‘s name is taken with special respect. In a simple-looking man, there was such a great man, who surprised everyone with his extraordinary writing. Even today, his books are equally popular among children and adults. Although he was financially tight, his writing talent was very rich.
Munshi Premchand was born on 31 July 1880 in a village called Pandepur near Banaras. In childhood, he was named Dhanpat Rai. Mother died at the age of 8. Father Munshi Ajayib Lal left the son to grandmother and got married again. In this way, the child was deprived of parental love and had to take responsibility in many ways during his childhood. When the grandmother died, there was no one to take care of her.
Married at the age of 15 but failed. There was no match of the woman with reading lover, writer husband. She did not give true support to Munshi Premchand. That’s why he started teaching job, from that he reached the post of deputy inspector of school. He also participated in Gandhiji’s Non-Cooperation Movement and started taking his writing seriously. His first short story was published in ” Zamana ” magazine. He used to write in his own style.
After the stories of the king and queen, he started penning social problems. He clearly highlighted the reality of poor and exploited society. The Indian farmer was the main character of his writing. He also emphasized on Hindu-Muslim unity. Godan embezzlement and Karmabhoomi are his famous novels. Stories like Bade Ghar Ki Beti and Bade Bhaisab also became popular. Munshi Premchand played an important role in making Hindi literature strong and prosperous. Some of his stories were also filmed. On 8 October 1936, 56-year-old litterateur Munshi Premchand died, but his novels became immortal forever.