Dadasaheb Phalke, known as the father of Indian cinema, is Dadasaheb Phalke’s landmark and pillar of Indian cinema. It would not be wrong to say that had it not been for Dadasaheb Phalke, Indian films would not have stood as a challenge in modern filmmaking art of the world so soon. Whether it is the performance of V. Shantaram, Raj Kapoor, Gurudutt, Vimal Roy, Satyajit Ray, Mrinal Sen’s films abroad or the selection of the Oscar Award for Outstanding Costumes for Producing Elizabeth by Shekhar Kapoor. All these achievements are the result of Dadasaheb Phalke’s inspiration.
Dada Saheb Phalke’s full name was Dhundiraj Govind Phalke aka DRPhalke aka Dada Saheb Phalke. He was born on 1870 in the land of Maharashtra. Dada Saheb Phalke (Dadasaheb Phalke) used to think that films made at that time in foreign countries, could not Indians ever make such films? He determined to interfere in this area of Indians. This was his dream, but money is needed to make the dream come true.
Dada Saheb Phalke had only dreams and no money. He started collecting money to fulfill his dream. Here it was difficult to manage the expenses of the family, the whole family of wife and 9 children. He saw the movie The Life of Christ one day on Christmas. In this film, when he saw Jesus, he decided to start a film on the miraculous pastures of his Hindu deities. Wife sold jewelry.
Now he was looking for a script. So he formed Phalke Film Company with some enthusiastic people with him. The first Hindi film made in 1913 was “Raja Harishchandra”. He directed this film. Dada learned photography for this. Learned the art of making set of films. Molded all the arts of theater into films. Getting the actors to act and get the dialogue done was a very difficult task for them. Dada also learned the nuances of how film distribution is done.
“Raja Harishchandra” “Ram Vanwas” “Nal Damayanti” “Bhasmasur Mohini” “Lanka Dahan” “Krishna Birth” “Gangavataran” “Parashuram” etc. Produced 95 films and 26 short films. During his film making period of 19 years, Dada made many efforts in the field of film. In 1913, she landed an actress for the first time; Because at that time the profession of acting was forbidden for women. Men played the role of women. Earlier silent films were made.
Dada (Dadasaheb Phalke) gave voice in the films. He quit film production in 1930. Dada went abroad to get training in all types of techniques ranging from camera technology, photography techniques, to bring excellence in films. For this, he also suffered financial burden. Dada showed the right path to the upcoming filmmakers.
Dada Saheb (Dadasaheb Phalke) made many new changes to the content and trick photography of the films to show the miraculous scenes of the mythological film. The credit for moving towards films that speak from silent films goes to Dada Saheb Phalke. Dada produced India’s first indigenous feature film. In fact, he is the father of films. He announced the award named “Dadasaheb Phalke” for his invaluable contribution in the film field. This award is conferred by the President of India by the Ministry of Information and Broadcasting. It is the largest and most respected award in the film sector. This award is given for all types of distinguished and notable contributions to the film sector. An amount of 2 lakh rupees and golden lotus are given in this award. It is provided since 1970. So far it has been given to more than 40 people.
Dada Saheb Phalke’s life at a glance
|Name||Dhundiraj Govind Phalke|
|Date of birth||30 April 1870|
|birth place||Trimbak, Bombay|
|Death||16 February 1944 (73 years)|
|Place of death||Nashik, Maharashtra|
|Scope of work||Filmmaking|
|wife||Saraswati Bai Phalke|
|Son||Yashwantrao (adopted son)|
|Hot Films||King Harishchandra (1913)|
|Mohini Bhamasur (1913)|
|Satyavan Savitri (1914)|
|Lanka Dahan (1917)|
|Birth of Shri Krishna (1918)|
|Kalia Mardan (1919)|
|Sethu Bandham (1932)|