Aristotle was a great thinker and philosopher of Greece. He was not only in politics but also knew subjects like Nitishastra, Theology, Economics, Ethics, Psychology, Zoology, Physiology, Logic etc. Aristotle is also considered the father of the current scientific thought tradition. Aristotle was called the teacher of the wise and the “sun” of Greece. He has specifically said to follow the law and justice of man to become the best. Let us tell you in detail about the biography of Aristotle.
Aristotle was born in Greece in 384 BC at a place called Stagira. His father Nicomax was the royal physician of the royal court of Macedonia, so Aristotle’s life was very rich. After receiving medical education from his father, he was interested in science. After some time, at the age of 18, he came to the world famous Academy of Plato and admitted to the study of human brain. 20 years remained until Plato’s death.
After the death of his master, he returned from Athens, although his master Plato was so impressed with Aristotle’s ability that he called him the brain of the academy, but after his death Aristotle did not make him the master of the place. Plato’s nephew was appointed Acharya. Frustrated, Aristotle left the academy, unable to bear it. After leaving Athens, he did various things for 12 years. In 346 BC, he was appointed teacher of Alexander the Alexander of Macedonia. Aristotle was there for 6 years.
Alexander greatly respected his mentor Aristotle. He had the demolished city of the Guru rebuilt. Aristotle also became familiar with Indian splendor while wandering with Alexander (Alexander). Such is the belief of historians. After Alexander returned to conquer the world, Aristotle arrived in Athens and established a private school “Lyceum”. He continued running the school with the help of Alexander (Alexander) for 12 years. After the death of Alexander in 322 BC, Aristotle was the enemy of opponents due to his clear, fierce and fearless views. He came to Kailis city to avoid the situation of Alexander.
Aristotle wrote about 400 texts on various subjects, the most important of which is the Constitution of Politics and Athens. Politics is a scientific book written on political science, in which an accurate depiction of the then political system is available. Aristotle has said in his state opinion that “the state has not created the people group consciously or thoughtfully.” The state is a natural institution. A human being is a political animal which by its nature is made for state life. The state is born to fulfill the physical basic needs of man. The family, village, city, state and police system have special importance in the development of the state. The state precedes humans. The same constitution is the best which is more permanent. ”
After a detailed study of 158 constitutions, Aristotle formulated his principles and concluded by analyzing the conditions of the state. He gave systematic views on the state’s birth, development, its nature, constitution of constitution, constitution of constitution, sovereignty of law and various aspects of revolution which are important even today. He has cited economic inequality as the most responsible reason for revolution in the state. The government’s strength rests on economic prosperity.
Aristotle has adopted inductive methods in political science. While rendering the middle way, he has said that “there should not be too much capitalist in the state nor be poor but the middle class people should have a lot of power.” The biggest obstacle in the path of political development is imbalance. That imbalance can be economic, social and political “. He proposed the principle of unity in diversity. Tried to reconcile freedom and power. Also presented the concept of rule of law. He also represented in a very scientific way the three parts of the system of governance, administrative and judicial.
Aristotle () has considered a beautiful combination of monarchy and aristocracy in mixed governance. Aristotle also propounded the principle of public welfare state. He used to say that “the state is born for development.” He is alive for auspicious and happy life. The ultimate goal of a public welfare state is to provide all kinds of facilities to the people. ”He has given importance to the principle of fairness of public opinion in the development of the state.
Aristotle has given education a great importance in the development of the state. It was his idea that education is important in generating loyalty to the constitution of citizens and the state. Aristotle has considered the objective of education as the all-round development of the child. He has given importance to the development of “healthy body and healthy brain” through education. Only a healthy body can have a healthy brain. He has also emphasized on the development of moral qualities.
Aristotle also gave views on the principles of law and order, the good of governance in an ideal state. For an ideal state, the population should not be less or less. State area should be as per requirement. The character of the public should be advanced in the ideal state. Adarsh Rai requires food, art-skills, weapons, wealth, public worship, public interest as well as 6 types of classes – farmers, artisans, warriors, dhanikas, priests and administrators.
Aristotle was the first political scientist who elaborated on all matters related to the state. All subjects and theories were presented in a scientific manner. Aristotle, considering the nature of the state as public welfare, it is also necessary to have a good citizen, a good constitution and a good education system. The lamp with the rich personality of such great thinker, all-round talent, was extinguished forever in 322 BC in the city of Kailius but awakened everyone with his light.